By: Elena Grace Flores
Pinagmalaki ni Mareng Winnie sa kanyang programa na hindi si Binay ang nagpapaunlad sa Makati kundi ang pamilyang Ayala. Kaya kami ay nananaliksik at aming napag alaman na ang tanging nagawa ng Ayala sa Makati ay ang pagbili nito galing sa mga Espanyol noong 1950 at paggawa ng mga gusali. May Ayala bang naging mayor para maalagaan ang kapakanan ng Makati at hindi lang pribadong negosyo? Anong motibo ng panghuhusga ni Mareng Winnie na mayabang at magara ang mga Binay gayong sa San Antonio Village lang nakatira ang mga Binay at si Mareng Winnie ay sa Dasmarinas, Makati – na kung saan nakatira ang mga mayayamang negosyante?
Si Mayor Yabot na unang naging mayor ng Makati ay iniintindi pa ang seguridad ng lugar kasi target ito ng mga terrorista at kaguluhan bago ang Peoples’s Power Revolution noong 1986. Sa kasagsagan ng Rebolusyon, namatay si Mayor Yabut at naatasahang maging Acting Mayor si Jejomar Binay. Mula noong 1989 hanggang sa naging Pangalawang Pangulo siya ng bansa noong 2010, lagi siyang nahahalal dahil hindi lang ang paglalaganap niya ng mga business investments sa pamamagitan mg Public-Private partnerships ang kanyang inaatupag.
Sinisigurado din niya na mapangalagaan ang kapakanan ng kanyang mga mamamayan – sa pamamagitan ng pagbigay ng libreng edukasyon, hospital, programang kalusugan at pangkabuhayan pati na mga benepisyong pang tao para sa ikagaganda ng buhay sa Makati.
Ito ang kabuuan ng pagsasaliksik ni: Drey Garcia
Dun sa mga taga Makati at hindi na nagsasabing AYALA ang nagpaunlad sa Makati.
Makati: municipality in 1670, and was christened San Pedro de Macati in honour of the town’s patron, Saint Peter.
1851, Don José Bonifacio Roxas (an ancestor of the Zobel de Ayala family) purchased the Jesuit estate of “Hacienda San Pedro de Macati” for 52,800 pesos.
The town was a cradle of Filipino passive resistance against Spanish colonial rule in the 1890s and the subsequent Philippine Revolution, with the participation of the local Katipunan council based in the area with Pio del Pilar, a local resident from the village of Culi-Culi, as its president. Culi-Culi is now a barangay named in honour of Del Pilar.
By 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines and other overseas possessions to the United States after the former’s defeat in the Spanish–American War.
1901, the Americans declared the whole area south of the Pasig River, including the town of San Pedro de Macati, down to Ayala Alabang in Muntinlupa, a US military reservation, thus establishing Fort McKinley (now Fort Bonifacio). That same year, the whole town, with a population of 25,000, was incorporated from Manila to the new province of Rizal, with Marcelino Magsaysay serving as the town president.
1910s approached the Meralco tranvia lines to Fort McKinley and to the western end of the town were built, opening transport lines for its residents and thus brought along potential investors who opened several businesses including the famous Santa Ana Cabaret at the terminus of the streetcar lines.
In February 28, 1914, the The Philippine Legislature passed Act 2390, shortening the name, San Pedro de Macati, to simply Makati. In the 1930s, the first airport in Luzon island, Nielsen Field, opened in what is now the Ayala Triangle, and the tracks of what is now the Philippine National Railways reached the town very early in the decade. During that same period, Santa Ana Park, the nation’s second horse racing facility, opened to expectations from horse racing fans.
1950-with the efforts of its landowner, Ayala y Compañía, and at the same time, Fort McKinley, then renamed Fort Bonifacio and the then Philippine Army headquarters, became the starting point for the building up of seven more communities this time by military families who worked in the base area, while the first office buildings began to be built on what is now the central business district.
In 1975, Makati was separated from Rizal province along with Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Quezon City, Marikina, San Juan, Pasig, Mandaluyong, Pateros, Taguig, Pasay City, Parañaque, Las Piñas, and Muntinlupa, to become part of the National Capital Region as a component city.
Following the assassination of opposition senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. on 21 August 1983, Makati became a nexus for protests against the dictatorship of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Known as the Confetti Revolution, the demonstrations held in the central business district were led partly by employees of major corporations based in the area, culminating in the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled Marcos’ 20-year authoritarian regime. His political rival and successor, Corazon C. Aquino–the wife of the deceased senator Aquino–became the eleventh and first female president of the Philippines. After the death of Mayor Yabut during the Revolution, Aquino appointed Jejomar Binay as acting mayor of the town of Makati; he was subsequently elected as mayor in 1988. His first term as the town executive would see the events of a 1989 coup d’etat attempt in the town’s business district, and would help usher the building of the country’s first skyscrapers in the early 1990s.
By virtue of Republic Act 7854, passed by Congress in late December 1994 and signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos on January 2, 1995, became the City of Makati. On February 4, 1995, the character of the new city was ratified in a plebcite with 91% of voters in favor of cityhood.The whole people of Makati especially the businessmen in downtown celebrated the remarkable event.
Ayala Triangle with the city’s new slogan – “Make it Happen, Make it Makati.”
In the early 2000s, the downtown had been a primary target of political rallies and terrorist attacks.
On May 17, 2000 at 5:02 p.m., Glorietta inside Ayala Center was bombed injuring 12 persons, mostly teenagers. According to local authorities, the homemade bomb was placed in front of a toilet beside a video arcade. It was said to be the precursor of the May 21, 2000 SM Megamall bombing and the December 30, 2000 Rizal Day bombings.
From August 2000 to January 2001, a wave of protests against the former president Joseph Estrada happened in the district. The anti-Estrada protests in Makati focused on Ayala Avenue, which cuts from EDSA to Buendia (presently known as Gil Puyat Avenue).
2007 Glorietta explosion ripped through the Glorietta 2 on October 19, 2007.The death toll in the explosion was 11, while 120 were injured.Although there were conflicting reports as to the cause, it was concluded that the explosion was caused by a faulty liquefied petroleum gas tank located in a Chinese restaurant.
In 2011, The Occupy Wall Street movement protesting economic inequality and the power of United States’ financial institutions has spread from New York City to other parts of the world, including the Philippines. The movement’s supporters’ first action was held on October 14, when protesters marched in Makati City from the Ninoy Aquino monument on Ayala Avenue to the American Chamber of Commerce. The movement here in the country is called “Occupy Philippines”, which has other protests held in the US Embassy and Rizal Park in Manila after the protest in Makati.
On 2014, the Makati Tourism Foundation and Makati City Government started a tourism campaign called “Make it Happen, Make it Makati”, which promotes tourism mainly in the business district.
O, ano ba ginawa ng Ayala para mapa unlad ang Makati maliban sa pagbili nito sa mga espanyol at paggawa ng mga gusali?
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