By: Elena Grace Flores
Decongestants help in relieving stuffy nose and head congestion by shrinking blood vessels and reducing swelling in the nose thus opening the airways for easy breathing. There are oral medicines as well as drops and sprays or topically. You can buy them without prescription.
Oral decongestants commonly contain pseudoephedrine (Sudafed®) or phenylephrine (TheraFlu®) as active ingredients. Topical decongestants are applied directly to the nose. They contain oxymetazoline (Afrin®) or phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine® Nasal Decongestant) as the active ingredient. Click here to see direct source: http://www.drugstore.com/stuffy-nose-or-head-congestion-breathe-easy/qxc295174
According to drugstore.com: Oral decongestants may keep you awake at night. Try taking your medication earlier in the day so it wears off by bedtime. If oral decongestants interfere with sleep, try nose drops or sprays. They’re less likely to cause side effects since they don’t get into the bloodstream. You shouldn’t use nose drops or sprays for more than three days in a row or a “rebound effect” may actually make congestion worse. Oral decongestants may worsen high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure that isn’t well controlled, talk to your doctor before using an oral decongestant. You can also buy nasal strips, like Breathe Right®–bandage-like products that hold your nasal passages open and relieve nighttime congestion.