By: Elena Grace Flores
President Du30’s hot and cold relationship with the Americans started from the time of the late former President Ferdinand Marcos. His son, Bongbong Marcos explains that it was not his father’s intention to drive the American military bases away. He just couldn’t agree with the Parity Law that gives equal rights to Americans with the Filipinos in the country. The ex-leader insisted on the country’s sovereignty over its territory – and made it a point that Filipinos are not second class citizens.
Video by; Elena Grace Flores
[VIDEO]: Bongbong Marcos explains why the Americans started to have a grudge against his father who defended the Filipino sovereignty.
Equal Rights with Filipinos
On July 4, 1946, after Philippines’ independence from Japan, the economy was devastated by World War II. Payment of war damage claims by the U.S. government and an influx of capital were both desperately needed. The Bell Act set quotas on Philippine exports to the U.S., pegged the Philippine peso to the U.S. dollar at a rate of 2:1, and provided for free trade between the two countries for 8 years. That was to be followed by gradual application of tariffs for the next 20 years. Many Filipinos objected to the so-called Parity Amendment. It required an amendment to the Philippine constitution allowing U.S. citizens equal rights with Filipinos in the exploitation of natural resources and operation of public utilities. Nonetheless, some powerful Filipinos involved in these negotiations stood to benefit from the arrangement. The Marcos administration finally terminated the Parity officially on July 3, 1974
Du30’s Wrath over the Americans
As soon as President Du30 took office, He immediately criticized American interventions in his administration. However, he mellowed down when Donald Trump won. They are both controversial and share the same distaste with former President Barack Obama.
Would Rather Be Friendly
The President said he “would rather be friendly” now with the United States because they have “redeemed themselves” and “have helped us a lot”. The US “partly helped” when it was “challenged by the Japanese occupation” during World War II. “Even today, they provide crucial equipment to our soldiers in Marawi to fight the terrorists,” he added.
US President ‘Donald Trump’ hailed his “great relationship” with Du30. He made no mention of human rights during brief remarks to reporters prior to a meeting with his counterpart. Both leaders ignored shouted questions about the drugs crackdown during the ASEAN Summit. The American President might be different from his predecessors but he certainly knows how to respect the Filipino way of doing things.