While critics are busy stressing the “incompetence” issue between the President and Vice President Leni Robredo, an important message evaporates. Du30 stresses that he wants an election for the people to choose their leader. He does not want succession because he does not believe his VP can rule any country.
[VIDEO]: SONA: Pres. Duterte, tinawag na incompetent si Vice Pres. Leni Robredo
Incompetent VP as Reason for an Election
The President’s spokesman cites Vice President Leni Robredo’s alleged incompetence as the reason behind the request for a transition leader to be elected to oversee the shift to a federal form of government. The President is honest enough to say his apprehensions to the capability of the country’s second leader.
Transitory Provisions Review
Du30 asks the Consultative Committee tasked to review the Constitution to revise the transitory provisions in the draft of its proposed charter to allow him to step down from his post once the country goes federal. This will make way for the public to elect a new President who will oversee the transition to federalism. He is definitely not for the extension of power. However, former Bayan Muna Representative Neri Colmenares said,”It centralizes repressive powers in President Duterte.” This is because of the proposed revision to give authority to the president to appoint important officials. Many people speculate that he intends to appoint Bongbong Marcos as Prime Minister.
Stable Economy Despite World Crisis
Presidential spokesperson Harry Roque denies that there is an economic problem contrary to the claims of the government’s detractors. He stresses that the Philippines is a “darling economy.” Inflation shows a fresh five-year high at 5.2 percent in June, but Roque has said this is no cause for alarm. This only means that “there’s money going around.” In fact, Japan, Korea, and China are competing in the bids to supply the Philippine’s “Build Build Build” project that is initially funded by the Asian Development Bank.
Roque attributes this to free tuition, lower withholding tax because of the tax reform law, and the administration’s aggressive infrastructure spending program. Robredo previously said changing the constitution is not the solution to high prices and poverty. It only proves how the VP is so out of tune with the world’s situation. The country’s economy is far better than Japan as far as stability is concerned.
By: Elena Grace Flores
Pantaleon Alvarez drafted the proposal for the executive order that will facilitate the revision of the 1987 Constitution. The Charter’s constitutional commission will be manned by 25 members. It has been remembered that during the campaign of the Philippine President, he was already advocating to change the Republic form of government into Federalism that would be the focus of the charter change.
Former Supreme Court Justice Reynato Puno will be assigned to lead the charter change into the federal system. “This afternoon I forwarded the draft of the Executive Order to the Office of the President creating the constitutional commission,” Alvarez announced in the Makati meeting recently. Alvarez has actively supported the President in all his endeavors and he does not serve as speaker only but also the charter’s lawyer.
It is details in the proposal how the commission would assist Congress in the amendment of the Constitution. Alvarez aimed for the Philippine President so sign within the month of September.
“So by October the constitutional commission will start their work to draft the revised Charter and perhaps in six-months’ time we also—if we are able to finish the 2017 national budget—we can already convene both Houses of Congress into a constituent assembly,” he added.
It is evident that despite Duterte’s strength in both the senate and congress, he still have very vocal and strong critics and he will have a difficulty in passing this trough but this is a very good try.
By: Elena Grace Flores
Charter Change is constitutional reform in the Philippines, also known as Cha-cha, referring to the political and legal processes needed to amend the current 1987 Constitution of the Philippines. Federalism is where authority is shared between national and regional governments whereas Parliamentarianism is between an executive and legislative powers. A country can have both federal and parliamentary systems or just federal or parliamentary. These are the processes of the two systems:
In federal governments, national and multiple regional (state/provincial) governments have division of responsibilities. The national government hold some powers in various matters whereas regional bodies also have some jurisdictions over their territories. There are also shared authorities between them. Overall policies remain to be the responsibilities of the national government but a state can determine their local process applicable to their situation like the educational arrangement of public schools. However, policies pertaining to crimes are shared by both and overlapping can also happen to secure implementations of the law – such as in America, and other European and Latin American countries.
Parliamentarianism has three branches of government: legislative (policy making process), executive (implementation of laws and persecution of offenders), and judicial (determines rule of laws and examines their constitutionality?. These two systems of government work in many countries but in the Philippines, it’s really not the kind of system that is embraced by the people but the popularity of a leader endorsing such form. PGMA failed with Parliamentarianism – will Duterte make it for Federalism?