By: Elena Grace Flores
The viral disease attacking the liver is called Hepatitis and there are two kinds of Hepatitis – Hepatitis A and B. The symptoms of both conditions are quite similar like fever onset, feeling fatigue, loss of appetite, frequent nausea, stomach pain, jaundice or yellowish skin and whites of eyes and dark-colored or coffee-like urine. The stool can also be dark colored especially with Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis A is highly infectious from the virus from the feces of the infected person that happens to contaminate the food taken. Hepatitis B can be transferred from one person to the other through exchange of bodily fluids like blood, saliva and sexual juices. An unborn baby can inherit the disease from the mother during birth.
Hep A Vaccine is used as preventive medication for Hepatitis A and Hep B Vaccine for Hepatitis B. Hepatitis A can’t be cured but the symptoms can be relieved by over-the-counter drugs or a general practitioner’s prescription like Paracetamol for fever or headaches and pain killer just to feel comfortable. Hepatitis B can be cleared just by treating the symptoms but if it becomes chronic, a liver specialist must be consulted who can prescribe antiviral medications.
By: Elena Grace Flores
Diptheria is caused by bacteria that can infect the skin, nose, tonsils and throat. Physically visible symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes or somewhat oversized neck and reddened skin. Others can be felt and can’t be ignored like difficulty in swallowing and breathing. Slight fever also seems not going away and skin rashes are not only painful but also swollen.
Diptheria can contaminate other people just by having close contact involving the infected area with the affected person or even just the discharge of the infected skin, eyes, nose or throat. It is common in developing or tropical countries.
Diptheria is preventable with DTap, TDaP and Td vaccines and can be cured with antitoxins and antibiotics. This might be a minor disease during its early stage but when getting advanced – the disease can damage the nervous system, heart and kidneys with or without treatment. So, never ignore those common signs because it can save you or your loved ones from the sufferings brought by the symptoms – and from more serious illnesses!